Applications of Ionic Liquids and Deep Eutectic Solvents in Biorefinery-Biodiesel Production

I. Wazeer, M. K. Hadj-Kali, I. M. AlNashef

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Serious environmental concerns resulting from the use of fossil fuels have urged the scientific community to concentrate their efforts on finding alternative clean fuels and sustainable raw materials. Biofuels offer a reduction in fossil fuel usage instead, potentially reducing carbon emissions. In addition, some biofuels are considered a clean and biodegradable substitute produced via different processes depending on both the raw material and the products. Ionic liquids (ILs), a new class of solvents, have many favorable characteristics, e.g., low vapor pressure, non-flammability, ability to dissolve polar and nonpolar compounds, and thermal stability. In this chapter, the use of ILs and their analogues deep eutectic solvents (DESs) in the production and treatment of biodiesel is investigated.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationBiorefinery
Subtitle of host publicationIntegrated Sustainable Processes for Biomass Conversion to Biomaterials, Biofuels, and Fertilizers
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9783030109615
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Biodiesel
  • Biofuels
  • Biomass
  • Biorefinery
  • Deep eutectic solvents
  • Green solvents
  • Ionic liquids
  • Purification


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