Apparent wave velocity and site amplification at the california strong motion instrumentation program carquinez bridge geotechnical arrays during the 2014 M6.0 South Napa Earthquake

Tadahiro Kishida, Hamid Haddadi, Robert B. Darragh, Robert E. Kayen, Walter J. Silva, Yousef Bozorgnia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Carquinez Bridge geotechnical arrays are operated by the California Strong Motion Instrumentation Program (CSMIP) and recorded a peak ground acceleration (PGA) of approximately 1.0g at ground surface during the 2014 South Napa earthquake. The recorded PGA was significantly larger than those at the nearby surface sites. This study considers surface and downhole recordings from the additional 28 earthquakes recorded at the same arrays to understand the effects of wave propagation and site response at these arrays. Several site response analyses are performed to understand soil nonlinearity using the observed ground accelerations during the 2014 South Napa sequence. Apparent shear wave velocities are calculated from downhole records, which show clear reduction as ground motion intensity increases. Empirical transfer functions (EFTs) are also calculated in which the resonance frequencies became lower during strong shaking during the 2014 South Napa main shock. The in-situ critical damping ratio appears to be frequency dependent in the soft clay deposits. Lower damping at frequencies greater than about 5 Hz may have contributed to the observed PGA at Array #1 during the main shock.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)327-347
Number of pages21
JournalEarthquake Spectra
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018

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