Analysis of Ontario's hydrogen economy demands from hydrogen fuel cell vehicles

Hui Liu, Ali Almansoori, Michael Fowler, Ali ElKamel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


The 'Hydrogen Economy' is a proposed system where hydrogen is produced from carbon dioxide free energy sources and is used as an alternative fuel for transportation. The utilization of hydrogen to power fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) can significantly decrease air pollutants and greenhouse gases emission from the transportation sector. In order to build the future hydrogen economy, there must be a significant development in the hydrogen infrastructure, and huge investments will be needed for the development of hydrogen production, storage, and distribution technologies. This paper focuses on the analysis of hydrogen demand from hydrogen FCVs in Ontario, Canada, and the related cost of hydrogen. Three potential hydrogen demand scenarios over a long period of time were projected to estimate hydrogen FCVs market penetration, and the costs associated with the hydrogen production, storage and distribution were also calculated. A sensitivity analysis was implemented to investigate the uncertainties of some parameters on the design of the future hydrogen infrastructure. It was found that the cost of hydrogen is very sensitive to electricity price, but other factors such as water price, energy efficiency of electrolysis, and plant life have insignificant impact on the total cost of hydrogen produced.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)8905-8916
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 2012


  • Hydrogen cost
  • Hydrogen demand scenarios
  • Hydrogen economy
  • Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles
  • Ontario
  • Sensitivity analysis


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