Analysis of asphalt mix surface-tread rubber interaction by using finite element method

Santosh Kumar Srirangam, Kumar Anupam, Cor Kasbergen, Athanasios (Tom) Scarpas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The surface texture of the pavement plays a very important role in driving the frictional properties at the tire rubber-pavement interface. Particularly, the hysteretic friction due to viscoelastic deformations of rubber depends mainly on the pavement surface texture. In the present paper, the effect of micromechanical pavement surface morphology on rubber block friction was brought in by comparing the friction results for three different asphalt mix morphological surfaces, named stone mastic asphalt (SMA), ultra-thin surfacing (UTS) and porous asphalt (PA). The asphalt surface morphologies of these mixes were captured by using an X-ray tomographer, from which the resulting images micromechanical finite element (FE) meshes for SMA, UTS and PA pavements were developed by means of the SimpleWare software. In the FE model, the rubber and asphalt binder were modeled as viscoelastic (VE) materials and the formulation was given in the large deformation framework. FE simulations were then carried out by using contact algorithm between rubber and the road surface. It was observed that the rubber friction inversely varies with the sliding speed and positively varies with the pressure for all the pavement morphological and stiffness conditions. Furthermore, it was observed that the highly porous pavement surface results in large dissipation of energy, hence, large rubber friction which shows that the mix characteristics of pavements have a significant effect on rubber friction.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)395-402
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition)
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2017


  • Contact
  • Finite element
  • Hysteretic friction
  • Micromechanical analysis
  • Surface texture


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