An ultrasonic profiling method for the inspection of tubular structures

Francisco Gomez, Kaspar Althoefer, Lakmal D. Seneviratne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This article presents an approach for the internal inspection of tubular structures immersed in water through the use of sonar techniques, generating enhanced 3D graphs which represent the inner surface of these structures. These graphs not only show the inner contour of the pipe but also integrate the intensity of the echoes employed to create the profile. The enhanced profile is generated by superimposing the peak intensity from the returning echoes at the calculated x, y, and z coordinates where it reflected from the pipe wall. The proposed method is capable of showing anomalous conditions, inside pipes filled with liquid, with dimensions smaller than the theoretical lateral and axial resolution of the transducer, in contrast to traditional methods where these kinds of defects are not disclosed. The proposed inspection method and its capabilities were validated through the realization of simulations and experiments. The presented approach was particularly developed with the aim of scanning internal sections of pipes filled with liquid using rotary ultrasonic sonars, but it is expected that this research could be expanded to the inspection of other submerged structures, such as water tanks, or pressurized vessels.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)400-418
Number of pages19
JournalComputer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2007


Dive into the research topics of 'An ultrasonic profiling method for the inspection of tubular structures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this