An OPNET-based simulation approach for deploying VoIP

K. Salah, A. Alkhoraidly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


These days a massive deployment of VoIP is taking place over IP networks. VoEP deployment is a challenging task for network researchers and engineers. This paper presents a detailed simulation approach for deploying VoIP successfully. The simulation uses the OPNET network simulator. Recently OPNET has gained a considerable popularity in both academia and industry, but there is no formal or known approach or methodology as to how OPNET can be used to assess the support and readiness of an existing network in deploying VoIP. Our approach and work presented in this paper predict, prior to the purchase and deployment of VoIP equipment, the number of VoIP calls that can be sustained by an existing network while satisfying QoS requirements of all network services and leaving adequate capacity for future growth. As a case study, we apply the simulation approach on a typical network of a small enterprise. The paper presents a detailed description of simulation models for network topology and elements using OPNET. The paper describes modeling and representation of background and VoIP traffic, as well as various simulation configurations. Moreover, the paper discusses many design and engineering issues pertaining to the deployment of VoIP. These issues include characteristics of VoIP traffic and QoS requirements, VoIP flow and call distribution, defining future growth capacity, and measurement and impact of background traffic.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)159-183
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Network Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2006


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