An mtDNA mutation accelerates liver aging by interfering with the ROS response and mitochondrial life cycle

Jan Niemann, Cindy Johne, Susanne Schröder, Franziska Koch, Saleh M. Ibrahim, Julia Schultz, Markus Tiedge, Simone Baltrusch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunction affects liver metabolism, but it remains unclear whether this interferes with normal liver aging. We investigated several mitochondrial pathways in hepatocytes and liver tissue from a conplastic mouse strain compared with the control C57BL/6NTac strain over 18 months of life. The C57BL/6NTac-mtNODLtJ mice differed from C57BL/6NTac mice by a point mutation in mitochondrial-encoded subunit 3 of cytochrome c oxidase. Young C57BL/6NTac-mtNODLtJ mice showed reduced mitochondrial metabolism but similar reactive oxygen species (ROS) production to C57BL/6NTac mice. Whereas ROS increased almost equally up to 9 months in both strains, different mitochondrial adaptation strategies resulted in decreasing ROS in advanced age in C57BL/6NTac mice, but persistent ROS production in C57BL/6NTac-mtNODLtJ mice. Only the conplastic strain developed elongated mitochondrial networks with artificial loop structures, depressed autophagy, high mitochondrial respiration and up-regulated antioxidative response. Our results indicate that mtDNA mutations accelerate liver ballooning degeneration and carry a serious risk of premature organ aging.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)174-187
Number of pages14
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume102
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Conplastic mice
  • Liver
  • Mitochondria
  • Reactive oxygen species

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