An automatic method of measuring foot girths for custom footwear using local RBF implicit surfaces

Yihua Ding, Jianhui Zhao, Ravindra S. Goonetilleke, Shuping Xiong, Zhiyong Yuan, Yuanyuan Zhang, Chengjiang Long

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Scopus citations


    Three-dimensional point cloud data of a foot are used to determine the critical dimensions for making custom footwear. However, automatic and accurate measurement of dimensions, especially girths, is an issue of concern to many designers and footwear developers. Existing methods for measuring girths are primarily based on points or generated triangles, but their accuracy is heavily dependent on the density of the point cloud data. In this paper we present the use of the Radial Basis Function (RBF) surface modelling technique for measuring girths as it has the advantage of being able to operate on unorganised three-dimensional points, so that the generated surface passes through every scanned point, while repairing incomplete meshes. To overcome the high computational expense of the RBF method, local surface recovery, octree division and combination, inverse power method and improved Cholesky factorisation are used. The girth measurements obtained from adopting these approaches are compared against the existing measurement methods. Experimental results demonstrate that the local RBF implicit surface can provide more stable and accurate measurements using relatively less time, proving its value in custom footwear manufacture.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)574-583
    Number of pages10
    JournalInternational Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Jun 2010


    • 3D scan
    • Anthropometry
    • Customisation
    • Foot
    • Footwear
    • Girth
    • Point cloud
    • RBF
    • Scanning


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