Advances in membrane distillation for water desalination and purification applications

Lucy Mar Camacho, Ludovic Dumée, Jianhua Zhang, Jun de Li, Mikel Duke, Juan Gomez, Stephen Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

662 Scopus citations

Abstract

Membrane distillation is a process that utilizes differences in vapor pressure to permeate water through a macro-porous membrane and reject other non-volatile constituents present in the influent water. This review considers the fundamental heat and mass transfer processes in membrane distillation, recent advances in membrane technology, module configurations, and the applications and economics of membrane distillation, and identifies areas that may lead to technological improvements in membrane distillation as well as the application characteristics required for commercial deployment.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)94-196
Number of pages103
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Heat transfer
  • Mass transfer
  • Membrane distillation
  • Module configurations
  • Water desalination and purification

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