Advances in cyclic ester ring-opening polymerization using heterogeneous catalysts: Applied Organometallic Chemistry

F. Naz, R.M. Abdur, F. Mumtaz, M. Elkadi, F. Verpoort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aliphatic polyesters' propensity to be biocompatible and biodegradable, as well as their prospective applications in the medical and agricultural industries, has prompted much research into their synthesis. As ring-opening polymerization (ROP) technology has advanced rapidly, the invention of discrete, thoroughly characterized heterogeneous catalysts, which are potent polymerization initiators for ROP, has received much attention during the last decade. Numerous polyester microstructures have been produced because of recent developments in the catalyst design of new heterogeneous catalysts and applied in initiating the ROP of cyclic esters. This study reviewed the ROP of cyclic ester catalysts composed of a heterogenous catalyst such as metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) and supported catalyst. MOFs are crystalline porous materials with tunable frameworks that make them potential mediums for polymerization. The MOF structure's precise design is important to control polymerizations because it provides control over both primary and higher-order structures. Additionally, the stability of the heterogeneous catalyst is also discussed. Finally, the conclusion to the previous study and a stance for future prospects is given. This article intends to provide valuable information for building a heterogeneous catalyst for the ROP of cyclic esters with enhanced activity. © 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Original languageBritish English
JournalAppl. Organomet. Chem.
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • cyclic esters
  • heterogeneous catalysts
  • MOFs
  • poly (lactide)
  • ring-opening polymerization
  • Agriculture
  • Biocompatibility
  • Biodegradable polymers
  • Catalysts
  • Esters
  • Porous materials
  • Agricultural industries
  • Aliphatic polyester
  • Cyclic esters
  • Heterogeneous catalyst
  • Medical industries
  • Metalorganic frameworks (MOFs)
  • Poly (lactide)
  • Poly lactide
  • Prospective applications
  • Ring-opening polymerization
  • Ring opening polymerization

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