Advanced materials for immobilization of purple phototrophic bacteria in bioremediation of oil-polluted wastewater

Le Thi Nhi-Cong, Do Thi Lien, Cung Thi Ngoc Mai, Nguyen Viet Linh, Nguyen Quang Lich, Hoang Phuong Ha, Dong Van Quyen, Doris Ying Ying Tang, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oil pollution which results from industrial activities, especially oil and gas industry, has become a serious issue. Cinder beats (CB), coconut fiber (CF) and polyurethane foam (PUF) are promising immobilization carriers for crude oil biodegradation because they are inexpensive, nontoxic, and non-polluting. The present investigation was aimed to evaluate this advanced technology and compare the efficiency of these immobilization carriers on supporting purple phototrophic bacterial (PPB) strains in hydrocarbon biodegradation of crude oil contaminated seawater. The surface of these biocarriers was supplemented with crude oil polluted seawater and immobilized by PPB strains, Rhodopseudomonas sp. DD4, DQ41 and FO2. Through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the bacterial cells were shown to colonize and attach strongly to these biocarriers. The bacteria-driven carrier systems degraded over 84.2% supplemented single polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The aliphatic and aromatic components in crude oil that treated with carrier-immobilized consortia were degraded remarkably after 14 day-incubation. Among the three biocarriers, removal of the crude oil by CF-bacteria system was the highest (nearly 100%), followed by PUF-bacteria (89.5%) and CB-bacteria (86.3%) with the initial crude oil concentration was 20 g/L. Efficiency of crude oil removal by CB-bacteria and PUF-bacteria were 86.3 and 89.5%, respectively. Till now, the studies on crude oil degradation by mixture species biofilms formed by PPB on different carriers are limited. The present study showed that the biocarriers of an oil-degrading consortium could be made up of waste materials that are cheap and eco-friendly as well as augment the biodegradation of oil-contaminated seawater.

Original languageBritish English
Article number130464
JournalChemosphere
Volume278
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Biofilm
  • Crude oil
  • Immobilized carriers
  • Purple phototrophic bacteria
  • Rhodopseudomonas sp

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