Adsorption of copper ions on to tyre rubber

S. Al-Asheh, F. Banat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adsorption capacity of untreated, chemically and physically activated tyre rubber towards Cu2+ ions was studied. A comparison between these three types of adsorbent was performed in terms of dynamic and equilibrium considerations. The adsorption capacity of physically activated rubber was (marginally) greater than that of chemically activated rubber which, in turn, was greater than that of the untreated materials. The effects of activation temperature and time were considered in the physical activation process. Up to 97% of the Cu2+ ions were adsorbed from aqueous solution when untreated, chemically or physically activated tyre rubber was employed as an adsorbent with initial metal concentrations of 20 mg/ml and 40 ppm. respectively. Increasing the adsorbent concentration resulted in a greater removal of metal ions from the aqueous solution, and increasing the Cu2- ion concentration in the presence of a constant adsorbent concentration increased the metal ion loading per unit weight of the adsorbent. An increase in the initial pH value of the metal solutions enhanced the adsorption process with all three adsorbents tested. It was demonstrated that the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms were capable of describing the adsorption of Cu2+ ions by the adsorbents under consideration reasonably well.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)685-700
Number of pages16
JournalAdsorption Science and Technology
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

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