Active flow instability control for transient two-phase electronics cooling

Tie Jun Zhang, Yoav Peles, John T. Wen, Michael K. Jensen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Because of increasing power densities, refrigeration systems are being explored for two-phase cooling of ultra high power electronic components. Flow instabilities are potential problems in any two-phase refrigeration cooling system especially in transient applications. Oscillatory two-phase flow in a boiling channel can trigger transition to the critical heat flux (CHF). Active control methods can help better dynamic thermal management of electronic systems, even though transient two-phase boiling flow mechanisms are complicated. This paper presents a framework for the transient analysis and active control of pressure-drop flow instabilities under varying imposed heat loads. The first part of the paper is to study the external effects on boiling flow characteristics and the boiling oscillatory flow responses to transient heat load changes. Then based on the theoretical analysis of boiling flow oscillations, a set of active control schemes are developed and studied to suppress flow oscillations and, therefore, to increase the CHF. With the available control devices (i.e., inlet valve and supply pump), different active control schemes are studied to improve the transient two-phase cooling performance. Finally, a discussion is included to address potential future research.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publication2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Pages637-648
Number of pages12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Event2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: 8 Aug 201013 Aug 2010

Publication series

Name2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Volume3

Conference

Conference2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period8/08/1013/08/10

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