A system dynamics approach to pollution remediation and mitigation based on increasing the share of renewable resources

Saleh Shadman, Christina M.M. Chin, Novita Sakundarini, Eng Hwa Yap, Shadreen Fairuz, Xin Yi Wong, Phahmee Ahanaf Khalid, Fatemeh Karimi, Ceren Karaman, M. Mofijur, Apurav Krishna Koyande, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study explores the role of renewable energy (RE) penetration in Malaysia's energy security (ES) and its implications for the country's target of 20% capacity in the energy mix by 2025. Renewable energy (RE) is a critical driver of long-term energy security. In 2018, the share of renewable energy in Malaysia's energy mix was 9%, falling far short of the national target of 20% penetration by 2025. This study employs a system dynamics approach to investigate the relationship between RE penetration and correlated indicators from energy security (ES) dimensions: energy availability, environmental sustainability, and socio-economics. The causal relationships between the three-dimensional indicators of ES have been established using causal and stock and flow logic. Simulated results show that energy consumption has increased sharply, while energy efficiency and economic growth have only increased by a small margin with an increase in RE from 2015 to 2020. The energy intensity is expected to rise slightly by the end of the fifth year. As a result, the overall impact is positive for Malaysia's environmental sustainability while reducing its reliance on energy imports and meeting national economic growth demands.

Original languageBritish English
Article number112458
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume205
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Economic health
  • Efficiency
  • Energy intensity
  • Energy security
  • Renewable energy
  • System dynamics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A system dynamics approach to pollution remediation and mitigation based on increasing the share of renewable resources'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this