A pervaporation photocatalytic reactor for the green synthesis of vanillin

G. Camera-Roda, V. Augugliaro, A. Cardillo, V. Loddo, G. Palmisano, L. Palmisano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pervaporation is the ideal membrane separation process to be coupled with photocatalysis for the green synthesis of vanillin from ferulic acid. In fact the operative conditions of the two processes are absolutely congruent and the integration is straightforward even operating with separate equipments. The utilization of a highly selective membrane allows the continuous recovery of vanillin by pervaporation from the reacting solution, so that its oxidative degradation is largely avoided and the yield is substantially enhanced. The effects of the main parameters are analyzed resorting to a mathematical model, which is validated by a comparison with the experimental data. In particular it is demonstrated that an optimal value of the ratio of the rate of pervaporation to the rate of reaction maximizes the "intensification"of the process. Other benefits of the integrated process, such as the complete retention of the photocatalytic powder in the reacting solution and high degree of purification of the product are presented and discussed.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)136-143
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume224
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Green chemistry
  • Integrated process
  • Membrane reactor
  • Pervaporation
  • Photocatalysis
  • Vanillin

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