A Novel Three-Phase Transformerless Cascaded Multilevel Inverter Topology for Grid-Connected Solar PV Applications

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37 Scopus citations


Nowadays, multilevel inverters (MLIs) are gaining huge popularity for high power transformerless PV applications. Among the traditional MLIs, the cascaded H-bridge (CHB) MLI accommodates lower voltage rated input dc sources, which reduce the voltage stress across the devices. However, the CHB MLI requires multiple PV sources as separate dc-link voltage sources, which create more paths for leakage currents. Therefore, it is a challenging task to deal with the leakage currents in the case of CHB MLIs. In this article, a novel three-phase transformerless inverter topology for grid-connected solar PV application is introduced. This proposed that the inverter topology has six switches per phase, and it has the combined advantages of dc-bypass and ac-bypass circuit configurations. A new modulation strategy is developed for the proposed topology; it is based on a sine triangle pulsewidth modulation technique combined with the dedicated logic functions. The gate pulses for all switches are provided by using these dedicated logic functions. The switching pulses obtained from the dedicated logic functions control all the inverter switches so that the variation of common-mode voltage (CMV) is constant during the inverter operation. This results in reduced leakage current throughout the operation of the inverter. The theoretical analysis, simulations, and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed topology concept for a 3-kVA grid-connected system. Both the simulation and experimental results show that the proposed solution can well attenuate the leakage current; all the results are presented in the article.

Original languageBritish English
Article number9347792
Pages (from-to)2285-2297
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 May 2021


  • Common-mode voltage (CMV)
  • leakage current
  • multilevel inverter (MLI)
  • solar PV
  • transformerless inverter


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