A Novel Logo Identification Technique for Logo-Based Phishing Detection in Cyber-Physical Systems

Padmalochan Panda, Alekha Kumar Mishra, Deepak Puthal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first and foremost task of a phishing-detection mechanism is to confirm the appearance of a suspicious page that is similar to a genuine site. Once this is found, a suitable URL analysis mechanism may lead to conclusions about the genuineness of the suspicious page. To confirm appearance similarity, most of the approaches inspect the image elements of the genuine site, such as the logo, theme, font color and style. In this paper, we propose a novel logo-based phishing-detection mechanism that characterizes the existence and unique distribution of hue values in a logo image as the foundation to unambiguously represent a brand logo. Using the proposed novel feature, the detection mechanism optimally classifies a suspicious logo to the best matching brand logo. The experiment is performed over our customized dataset based on the popular phishing brands in the South-Asia region. A set of five machine-learning algorithms is used to train and test the prepared dataset. We inferred from the experimental results that the ensemble random forest algorithm achieved the high accuracy of 87% with our prepared dataset.

Original languageBritish English
Article number241
JournalFuture Internet
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • hue value ratio
  • logo-based detection
  • phishing
  • phishing detection
  • pixel hue density distribution

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