A novel frequency control strategy for large scale Marine Current Turbines based on doubly fed induction generator

M. B. Anwar, M. S. ElMoursi, W. Xiao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This paper presents a novel frequency control strategy for Marine Current Turbines (MCTs) based Doubly-Fed Induction Generator. The proposed control strategy relies on the regular and highly predictable power extraction from the marine currents, which are essentially governed by astronomical forces. Therefore, the precise mathematical model for prediction of marine current speed is developed and validated with the recorded measurements at the specific location (Pentland Firth, Scotland). Additionally, the ancillary services of frequency control and inertial response have been deployed with large-scale implementation of MCTs to improve the dispatchability and compliance with grid code requirement. The main objective of the proposed control strategy is twofold: 1) achieve the primary frequency response and 2) mitigate power imbalances. This novel frequency management scheme is based on the combination of inertial response and a deloaded margin of 10%. The presented techniques are verified using a test power system at varying load levels and different marine speeds. The simulation results demonstrate the capability of the proposed frequency control strategy in satisfying the aforementioned objectives and improving frequency regulation and transient response.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationIET Conference Publications
PublisherInstitution of Engineering and Technology
ISBN (Print)9781849199179
StatePublished - 2014
Event3rd Renewable Power Generation Conference, RPG 2014 - Naples, Italy
Duration: 24 Sep 201425 Sep 2014

Publication series

NameIET Conference Publications


Conference3rd Renewable Power Generation Conference, RPG 2014


  • Deloaded operation
  • Doubly fed induction generator
  • Frequency control
  • Inertial response
  • Marine Current Turbine


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