A Novel Control Technique for Enhancing the Operation of MTDC Grids

Aram Kirakosyan, Amir Ameli, Tarek H.M. El-Fouly, Mohamed Shawky El Moursi, Magdy M.A. Salama, Ehab F. El-Saadany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This paper develops a novel control approach for the droop-controlled Voltage Source Converters (VSC) of Multi-Terminal High Voltage Direct Current (MTDC) systems. The frequency consensus controller is shown to assist in damping the inter-area oscillations and providing enhanced mutual frequency support. Such features, however, might be achieved at the expense of overloading some of the VSCs interfaced to the synchronously connected ac grids. Thus, a new power-sharing control loop, based on the proposed power deviation ratio (PDR) index, is developed to enhance the distribution of active power mismatches between those VSCs. The developed PDR loop, which regulates the ratios of the mismatched power-sharing by considering both the scheduled power injections and the available capacities of the VSCs, enhances the mutual frequency support capability between ac areas of the MTDC system. Furthermore, a newly proposed equidistant voltage control (EVC) loop of the proposed controller regulates the dc system's voltages such that they are equally far from upper and lower voltage limits. This technique increases the safety margin in voltage regulation during events that cause dc system's voltage profile variation. The comparative advantage of the proposed controller is verified through modal and participation factor analysis and through comprehensive time-domain simulations.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)559-571
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Droop voltage control
  • inter-area oscillations
  • multi Terminal HVDC
  • mutual frequency support
  • power-sharing


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