A new anchorage device for orthodontic applications

Mohamad Najari, Marwan El-Rich, Samer Adeeb, Bachar Taha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

In orthodontic treatment, anchorage is the most important element that affects the treatment's success. To improve the load bearing capacity of the anchorage there are several devices developed in recent decades such as midpalatal implants and onplants but they also have limitation on directions of applied load and their support position adjustability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficiency of a new anchorage device by analyzing the load-bearing and stress distribution among the cortical and cancellous bones of the mandible as well as the anchorage system components using nonlinear 3D Finite Element (FE) method. The new device is composed of an adjustable stainless steel plate equipped with bracket and mounted with two titanium miniscrews into the mandible. The response of this new system was compared to an isolated mini-screw system under different loading scenarios. A maximum of 500gr force was applied in different directions on the bracket and the isolated mini-screw head to simulate the orthodontic loading. Using the new anchorage device reduced von-Mises stress in the whole structure approximately by 50% comparing to the isolated mini-screw. In the cortical bone and depending on the direction of the applied force, von-Mises stress decreased from 6 to 3MPa under vertical shear force and from 6 to 1.5MPa under horizontal and inclined shear forces. In the cancellous bone the stress decreased similarly as in the cortical bone from 0.6 to ≈ 0.3MPa under horizontal and inclined shear. Under vertical shear force the decrease was less significant from 0.57MPa to 0.5MPa. This new device while offering wide fields of orthodontic forces applications thanks to its bracket provides the same resistive force (500gr) as the isolated mini-screw with much lower stresses in the bone and anchorage implant as well. The next step is to investigate the efficiency of this new device in the teeth movement.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationBiomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
EventASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2013 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 15 Nov 201321 Nov 2013

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
Volume3 A

Conference

ConferenceASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period15/11/1321/11/13

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