A least microenvironmental uncertainty principle (LEUP) as a generative model of collective cell migration mechanisms

Arnab Barua, Josue M. Nava-Sedeño, Michael Meyer-Hermann, Haralampos Hatzikirou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Collective migration is commonly observed in groups of migrating cells, in the form of swarms or aggregates. Mechanistic models have proven very useful in understanding collective cell migration. Such models, either explicitly consider the forces involved in the interaction and movement of individuals or phenomenologically define rules which mimic the observed behavior of cells. However, mechanisms leading to collective migration are varied and specific to the type of cells involved. Additionally, the precise and complete dynamics of many important chemomechanical factors influencing cell movement, from signalling pathways to substrate sensing, are typically either too complex or largely unknown. The question is how to make quantitative/qualitative predictions of collective behavior without exact mechanistic knowledge. Here we propose the least microenvironmental uncertainty principle (LEUP) that may serve as a generative model of collective migration without precise incorporation of full mechanistic details. Using statistical physics tools, we show that the famous Vicsek model is a special case of LEUP. Finally, to test the biological applicability of our theory, we apply LEUP to construct a model of the collective behavior of spherical Serratia marcescens bacteria, where the underlying migration mechanisms remain elusive.

Original languageBritish English
Article number22371
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

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