A high-performance lithium ion oxygen battery consisting of Li2O2 cathode and lithiated aluminum anode with nafion membrane for reduced O2 crossover

Lei Qin, Dengyun Zhai, Wei Lv, Wei Yang, Jiaqiang Huang, Shanshan Yao, Jiang Cui, Woon Gie Chong, Jian Qiu Huang, Feiyu Kang, Jang Kyo Kim, Quan Hong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lithium-oxygen batteries (LOBs) have attracted much attention because of their extraordinarily high specific energies. They possess critical weaknesses, however, such as poor cyclic stability, low energy efficiencies, as well as serious safety issues arising from the formation of lithium dendrites. Here, we report the synthesis of a long-life Li ion O2 battery (LIOB) consisting of an anode made from pre-lithiated aluminum (Al) foil and a Li2O2-preloaded oxygen cathode, which are both commercially available. The assembled LIOB delivers an excellent specific reversible capacity of 1000 mAh g−1carbon for over 100 cycles at 100 mA g−1 and a maximum specific energy density of 1178 Wh kg−1. The pre-lithiated Al foil functions as both the anode and current collector, and the stable solid electrolyte interphase layer formed on anode during pre-lithiation greatly improves the cyclic stability. In view of abundance and availability of the cathode and anode materials, the assembly strategy developed here can offer a promising route to large-scale fabrication of LIOBs for real-world applications.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)258-263
Number of pages6
JournalNano Energy
Volume40
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Full-cell
  • Lithium-oxygen battery
  • Pre-lithiated aluminum anode
  • Solid electrolyte interphase

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