A GNSS Integrity Augmentation System for Ground Vehicle Operations

Suraj Bijjahalli, Subramanian Ramasamy, Roberto Sabatini

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The employment of GNSS for the navigation of autonomous ground vehicles has so far been applied to mining operations in Australia. Autonomous systems enable the development of navigation strategies such as global path-planning and path optimization for vehicle fleets, thereby lowering overall carbon emissions. Furthermore, autonomous ground vehicle operations can significantly improve safety ratings by eliminating human error arising from stress, fatigue and boredom. Widespread use of GNSS-based autonomous vehicles for ground operations is presently hindered by stringent safety regulations. This places strict integrity requirements on GNSS receivers, which must be able to detect GNSS signal errors and faults, and alert the navigation system in a timely manner. An integrity augmentation system is presented in this paper that can detect GNSS error sources and faults, and alert the navigation system of an autonomous ground vehicle in a timely manner. The system is developed by modelling GNSS error sources like antenna masking, signal attenuation and multipath and assigning threshold values for generating integrity alerts. The performance of the system in terms of GNSS fault detection is validated through a realistic simulation in a 3-D virtual ground environment. Trajectories representing the paths followed by vehicles are generated using a dynamic model of a generic four-wheeled ground vehicle. The integrity augmentation system was demonstrated to successfully detect GNSS errors and respond by issuing predictive (caution flags) and reactive (warning flags) in a timely manner for a range of trajectories and maneuvers.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)149-155
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Procedia
StatePublished - 2017
Event1st International Conference on Energy and Power, ICEP 2016 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 14 Dec 201616 Dec 2016


  • Autonomous ground vehicle operations
  • GNSS Integrity augmentation
  • Trajectory planning and optimization


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