A framework for the systematic implementation of Green-Lean and sustainability in SMEs

Rebecca Siegel, Jiju Antony, Kannan Govindan, Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes, Bart Lameijer, Ashutosh Samadhiya

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Scopus citations


    Evidence suggests that smaller organisations find the implementation of combined operations- and environmental Sustainability improvement initiatives such as Green-Lean and Sustainability (GLS) challenging. This paper, therefore, develops a framework for the systematic implementation of Green-Lean and Sustainability in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to achieve long-term improvement of environmental, social and economic processes and performance. A literature assessment of theories, frameworks, and concepts was employed in the study to better comprehend the difficulties confronting the modern business world. In addition, the research employed expert perspectives from the lean, green-lean, and sustainability fields to propose, develop, test, and validate a framework for addressing business concerns. The research uncovers considerable implementation problems, such as employee motivation and integration, responsibilities, and measurements. It also underlines the success factors for the implementation process, such as management, firm- goals and strategy, reviews and audits, vision, and guidance by lean, green and sustainability frameworks. The novelty in this research lies in the approach where Green-Lean and Sustainability are combined and applied in an SME context. The presented framework offers the potential to be implemented in SMEs that operate in different sectors and contexts and are affected by different environmental and social considerations.

    Original languageBritish English
    JournalProduction Planning and Control
    StateAccepted/In press - 2022


    • Green-lean
    • lean green
    • SMEs
    • sustainability


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