A Critical Literature Review on Rock Petrophysical Properties Estimation from Images Based on Direct Simulation and Machine Learning Techniques

Ahmed Samir Rizk, Moussa Tembely, Waleed AlAmeri, Emad W. Al-Shalabi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    3 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Estimation of petrophysical properties is essential for accurate reservoir predictions. In recent years, extensive work has been dedicated into training different machine-learning (ML) models to predict petrophysical properties of digital rock using dry rock images along with data from single-phase direct simulations, such as lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) and finite volume method (FVM). The objective of this paper is to present a comprehensive literature review on petrophysical properties estimation from dry rock images using different ML workflows and direct simulation methods. The review provides detailed comparison between different ML algorithms that have been used in the literature to estimate porosity, permeability, tortuosity, and effective diffusivity. In this paper, various ML workflows from the literature are screened and compared in terms of the training data set, the testing data set, the extracted features, the algorithms employed as well as their accuracy. A thorough description of the most commonly used algorithms is also provided to better understand the functionality of these algorithms to encode the relationship between the rock images and their respective petrophysical properties. The review of various ML workflows for estimating rock petrophysical properties from dry images shows that models trained using features extracted from the image (physics-informed models) outperformed models trained on the dry images directly. In addition, certain tree-based ML algorithms, such as random forest, gradient boosting, and extreme gradient boosting can produce accurate predictions that are comparable to deep learning algorithms such as deep neural networks (DNNs) and convolutional neural networks (CNNs). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work dedicated to exploring and comparing between different ML frameworks that have recently been used to accurately and efficiently estimate rock petrophysical properties from images. This work will enable other researchers to have a broad understanding about the topic and help in developing new ML workflows or further modifying exiting ones in order to improve the characterization of rock properties. Also, this comparison represents a guide to understand the performance and applicability of different ML algorithms. Moreover, the review helps the researchers in this area to cope with digital innovations in porous media characterization in this fourth industrial age - oil and gas 4.0.

    Original languageBritish English
    Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021
    ISBN (Electronic)9781613998342
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2021
    Event2021 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021 - Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
    Duration: 15 Nov 202118 Nov 2021

    Publication series

    NameSociety of Petroleum Engineers - Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021

    Conference

    Conference2021 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021
    Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates
    CityAbu Dhabi
    Period15/11/2118/11/21

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