A Cost-Constrained Active Capacitor for a Single-Phase Inverter

Haoran Wang, Huai Wang, Frede Blaabjerg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Scopus citations


    The active capacitor concept based on power electronic circuits has been proposed recently to exceed the physical limit of the passive capacitor. It retains the physical convenience of use as a passive capacitor and has the potential to increase either the power density or the lifetime depending on the applications. However, the cost of the existing design by using ceramic or film capacitors to achieve extreme performance increases a lot, which must be taken into account in the design from the industry aspect. This article proposes a cost-constrained design of an active capacitor used for dc-link applications. It is implemented based on high-current electrolytic capacitors instead of film capacitors or ceramic capacitors. A model-based optimization design procedure is discussed in terms of performance factors of interest. A case study of a 5.5-kW single-phase inverter demonstrates a 38% volume reduction of the dc link with the proposed active capacitor under specific constraints of cost, volume, power loss, and lifetime. The outcomes move one step further for the practical application of the active capacitor concept.

    Original languageBritish English
    Article number8930059
    Pages (from-to)6746-6760
    Number of pages15
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
    Issue number7
    StatePublished - Jul 2020


    • Active capacitor
    • cost
    • dc-link capacitor
    • power decoupling
    • single-phase inverter


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