A Coordinated Control Scheme to Integrate Flywheels Energy Storage Systems in AGC

Hany E.Z. Farag, Ahmed O.K. Ibrahim, Ehab F. El-Sadaany

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper proposes a new control scheme to coordinate the operation of Flywheels Energy Storage Systems (FESS) within the Automatic Generation Control (AGC). The proposed control classifies both charging and discharging modes into two zones of operation: normal and critical. The critical zones occur when the FESS is close to be fully charged or discharged. The proposed control provides a significant step towards adopting distributed control for AGC applications, where it gives the FESS self-Authority in determining its output power under critical state-of-charge (SoC). Further, the proposed control guarantees that not only the SoC of FESS is maintained within the limits, but also the post-disturbance oscillations of slow conventional generators are minimized. This would in turn reduces the maintenance cost and increases the lifetime of these conventional generation units. PSCAD simulations have been conducted to validate the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy on the New England IEEE 39 bus test system.

    Original languageBritish English
    Title of host publicationProceedings - 2023 IEEE PES GTD International Conference and Exposition, GTD 2023
    EditorsMehmet Tahir Sandikkaya, Omer Usta
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    Pages39-43
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Electronic)9781728170251
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2023
    Event2023 IEEE PES Generation, Transmission and Distribution International Conference and Exposition, GTD 2023 - Istanbul, Turkey
    Duration: 22 May 202325 May 2023

    Publication series

    NameProceedings - 2023 IEEE PES GTD International Conference and Exposition, GTD 2023

    Conference

    Conference2023 IEEE PES Generation, Transmission and Distribution International Conference and Exposition, GTD 2023
    Country/TerritoryTurkey
    CityIstanbul
    Period22/05/2325/05/23

    Keywords

    • AGC
    • coordinated control
    • energy storage systems
    • flywheels
    • renewable energy

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