A computational study to analyze the effect of equivalence ratio and hydrogen volume fraction on the ultra-lean burning of the syngas-fueled HCCI engine

Kabbir Ali, Riffat Amna, Mohamed I. Hassan Ali, Tiebebe Tsefaye, Kiseong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

This computational study investigates the equivalence ratio and hydrogen volume fraction effect on the ultra-lean burning of the syngas-fueled homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine. In this research, low calorific syngas, composed of different compositions of H2, CO, and CO2, is used as a fuel in the HCCI engine that is operated under an overly lean air-fuel mixture. ANSYS Forte CFD package with Gri-Mech 3.0 chemical kinetics was used to analyze the in-cylinder combustion phenomena, and the simulation results were validated with experimental tests in the form of in-cylinder pressure and heat release rate at different equivalence ratios. The results indicate that changing the equivalence ratio produces a negligible change in combustion phasing, while it positively impacts the combustion and thermal efficiency of this syngas-fueled HCCI engine under lean conditions due to the high burning rate in the squish region. Moreover, an increased equivalence ratio increases MPRR due to the rich mixture combustion. The results also represent that the high-volume fraction of H2 in syngas fuel causes an advanced burning phase, improves the combustion performance of the HCCI engine at all equivalence ratio conditions, and causes slightly high NOx emissions.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)25808-25818
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume47
Issue number61
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • 3D CFD ANSYS Forte model
  • Equivalence ratio
  • H contents
  • Low calorific syngas fuel

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