A comprehensive analysis of solidity for cambered darrieus VAWTs

Sayyad Basim Qamar, Isam Janajreh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Wind energy technology has seen steady growth in the energy market as a clean, renewable source of energy. This has brought attention to areas with moderate wind energy potentials. Darrieus type Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs) allow capturing of this potential for energy production at a cost-effective scale. To improve the performance of these turbines their design needs to be optimized. With better manufacturing methods currently available cambered blades are being investigated to improve the performance of these turbines. In particular, turbine solidity is investigated in this paper due to different airfoil chord lengths and different number of blades. The analysis is conducted following high fidelity CFD modeling in unsteady, turbulent regimes in Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian formulation accounting for the sliding/rotating rotor's domain configuration that emphasizes the role of rotor blades interaction. The study showed that low solidity turbines with cambered blades operate at low coefficients of performance (CP) over a large range of tip speed ratios (TSRs). High solidity turbines, with solidity close to unity, have much higher CP, but at smaller TSRs and a short range of TSRs. Medium solidity turbines, as well as turbines with solidity greater than unity, are faced with considerable interaction which compromises their operation at TSRs as low as one. The larger chord length helps improve the torque production of the turbine. The change in number of blades leads to a large dispersed wake behind the rotor which is unfavorable for deployment of an array of turbines.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)19420-19431
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number30
StatePublished - 27 Jul 2017


  • Blades interaction
  • Camber
  • CFD
  • Chord length
  • Solidity
  • VAWT


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