A comparison of ultrasound-augmented and conventional leaching of silver from sintering dust using acidic thiourea

Jun Chang, Er Dong Zhang, Li Bo Zhang, Jin Hui Peng, Jun Wen Zhou, C. Srinivasakannan, Chang Jiang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the process of steel manufacture, up to ten millions of tons of sintering dust (SD) are produced annually in China, which contain noble metals such as Ag. Therefore, recovery of silver (Ag) from SD could be a potential economic and environmental activity. The purpose of this article is to generate information about reaction kinetics of silver leaching with thiourea from SD, comparing the conventional and ultrasonic-augment leaching. The effects of various control parameters such as the ultrasound power, particle size, leaching temperature and thiourea concentration on leaching rate of silver were studied. The results showed 89% silver recovery for conventional process against 95% for ultrasound assisted leaching. The ultrasonic wave increased the leaching rate and shorten the reaction time. The rate controlling step was analyzed using shrinking core model and the rate controlling step is identified to be the diffusion through the product layer in both conventional and ultrasonic-augment leaching processes. The activation energies were estimated to be 28.01 kJ/mol and 18.19 kJ/mol, and the reaction order were 0.89 and 0.71, respectively.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)222-231
Number of pages10
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Acidic thiourea
  • Conventional
  • Dissolution kinetic
  • Silver
  • Sintering dust
  • Ultrasound augmented

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