3D Printing of pH Indicator Auxetic Hydrogel Skin Wound Dressing

Filmon Tsegay, Muhammed Hisham, Mohamed Elsherif, Andreas Schiffer, Haider Butt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The benefits of enclosing pH sensors into wound dressings include treatment monitoring of wounded skin and early detection of developing chronic conditions, especially for diabetic patients. A 3D printed re-entrant auxetic hydrogel wound dressing, doped with pH indicator phenol red dye, was developed and characterized. The re-entrant auxetic design allows wound dressing adhesion to complex body parts, such as joints on arms and legs. Tensile tests revealed a yield strength of 140 kPa and Young’s modulus of 78 MPa. In addition, the 3D-printed hydrogel has a swelling capacity of up to 14%, limited weight loss to 3% in six days, and porosity of near 1.2%. A reasonable pH response resembling human skin pH (4–10) was obtained and characterized. The integration of color-changing pH indicators allows patients to monitor the wound’s healing process using a smartphone. In addition to the above, the mechanical properties and their dependence on post-processing were studied. The results show that the resin composition and the use of post-treatments significantly affect the quality and durability of the wound dressings. Finally, a poly (acrylic acid) (PAA) and water-based adhesive was developed and used to demonstrate the performance of the auxetic wound dressing when attached to moving body joints.

Original languageBritish English
Article number1339
JournalMolecules
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • auxetic structures
  • hydrogel wound dressings
  • PAA adhesion
  • pH sensor

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