2D MHD Mixed Convection in a Zigzag Trapezoidal Thermal Energy Storage System Using NEPCM

Aissa Abderrahmane, Obai Younis, Mohammad Al-Khaleel, Houssem Laidoudi, Nevzat Akkurt, Kamel Guedri, Riadh Marzouki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a magnetic field, two-dimensional (2D) mixed convection is investigated within a zigzagged trapezoidal chamber. The lower side of the trapezoidal chamber is irregular, in particular, a zigzagged wall with different zigzag numbers N. The fluid particles move in the room due to the motion of the upper wall, while the porosity-enthalpy approach represents the melting process. The thermal parameters of the fluid are enhanced by what is called a nano-encapsulated phase change material (NEPCM) consisting of polyurethane as the shell and a nonadecane as the core, while water is used as the base fluid. In order to treat the governing equations, the well-known Galerkin finite element method (GFEM) is applied. In addition, the heat transfer (HT) irreversibility and the fluid friction (FF) irreversibility are compared in terms of the average Bejan number. The main results show that the melt band curve behaves parabolically at smaller values of Reynolds number (Re) and larger values of Hartmann number (Ha). Moreover, minimizing the wave number is better in order to obtain a higher heat transfer rate.

Original languageBritish English
Article number3270
JournalNanomaterials
Volume12
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • 2D flow
  • GFEM
  • magneto-hydrodynamics
  • melting process
  • NEPCM
  • zigzag trapezoidal vessels

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